- Explore the well-preserved Tibetan culture of Upper Mustang.
- Feel the Buddhist Spirituality & Beliefs vai Tiji Festival for 3 days.
- Visit the pre-Buddhist Bon village of Lupra.
- Explore the history of Lo Manthang after exploring the palace of king Lo.
Upper Mustang trekking in Nepal was officially opened in 1992. Particularly limited numbers of trekkers are only allowed each year. Thus to protect and conserve the local Tibetan tradition and the fragile environment. Upper Mustang Trekking unfolds the fabled forbidden kingdom’s vast and arid valleys, eroded canyons, yak caravans. The Upper Mustang trek brings you into the hidden world of the old Buddhist kingdom of Mustang, also called Lo. Lo used to be part of the Tibetan empire and is therefore closely tied to Tibet in culture, language and geography.
Tiji Festival Trek is a fascinating annual three-day festival consisting of Tibetan rituals that celebrate the myth of a son who had to save the Mustang kingdom from destruction. The festival is indigenous to Lo-Manthang, Upper Mustang. Tiji Festival is purification ritual that takes place at the beginning of every harvest season. The history of Tiji Festival goes many centuries back, but is embellished by myths and legends rather than recorded facts. The word Tiji originates from the word “Ten Che” which means “hope of Buddhism prevailing in the world for peace” and basically celebrates the triumph of God over demon. The 3 days ritual is celebrated by various kinds of dancing ceremonies in order to chase the devil away. It stands on the mythological story of Lo Manthang.
On the 1st day, the monks perform a dance called ‘Tsa Chaam’. This tells the story of the birth of ‘Dorji Sonam’- a reincarnated Buddha to a demon. This demon harassed the kingdom of Mustang and brought in havoc to the country.You can witness the monks enacting the harassment of the said demon on the people of Mustang.
On the 2nd day, the monks perform ‘NgaCham’. During this performance, Dorjee Sonam tries to return the demon to the Buddha realm.
On the 3rd and final day of the festival, the ‘Rha Chham’ dance takes place. On this ceremony, Dorjee Sonam triumphs over the evil demon and banishes him from Mustang. The monk who plays the role of Dorjee Sonam does this by throwing an effigy. This effigy made from Tsampa (barley) represents the demon ‘Ma Tam Ru Ta’. This defeat brings peace and prosperity to the land of Mustang. Every year Tiji festival takes place in the hope of spreading peace throughout the world.
Upper Mustang trail follows the ancient salt caravan route through which the people of Mustang traded Tibetan salt for grain from the lowlands. The goal of the Upper Mustang trek is the capital of Upper Mustang, Lo Manthang. From the pass Lo La (3950 m) you can see the walled medieval capital in the distance, the white-washed 6-meter tall wall sticking out in sharp contrast to the barren landscape.
If you are willing for the Upper Mustang or Lower Mustang you can enjoy both with itinerary provided by Nepal Lion Tours & Treks
- Day 1:
Arrival at Kathmandu 1300m
- Day 2:
Kathmandu Valley Sightseeing.
- Day 3:
Drive to Pokhara/800m (2624ft)
- Day 4:
Fly to Jomsom(2720m) and then drive to Kagbeni (2858m)
- Day 5:
Drive to Ghami (3520m)
- Day 6:
Drive to Lomanthang (3840m) – First day of Tiji festival
- Day 7:
- Day 8:
Third Tiji Day
- Day 9:
Drive to Muktinath (3710m)
- Day 10:
Drive back to Pokhara
- Day 11:
Drive back to Kathmandu
- Day 12:
Farewell and departure to the airport
Day 1: Arrival at Kathmandu 1300m
Arrive in Kathmandu and you will be received by our company representative and transferred to the selected hotel. Welcome evening dinner is held in the hotel for all clients arriving today. A short brief about your trip is held. Stay overnight in hotel.
Day 2: Kathmandu Valley Sightseeing.
Second day we will have a sightseeing of Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal and is known as the city of temples. We will visit famous sites like Pashupatinath temple, Swayambhunath stupa , Boudhanath stupa , Kathmandu durbar square ,Thamel , famous sites of neighboring districts like Patan Durbar square , Bhaktapur Durbar Square and Changunarayan temple . Most of this site are listed in UNESCO world heritage sites.
Day 3: Drive to Pokhara/800m (2624ft)
After finishing our tour in Kathmandu, third day we will drive to Pokhara. Pokhara is known as the city of lakes. This city is the most beautiful city of Nepal and also the most sought tourist destination place. There are plenty of things to do in Pokhara. You will visit famous lakes like Phewa Lake, Begnas Lake, famous cave and one of the famous water fall. We will be spending our night in a beautiful hotel.
Day 4: Fly to Jomsom(2720m) and then drive to Kagbeni (2858m)
In the morning we will take an early flight to Jomsom which will offer remarkable views of Mountains. From here onwards it is very windy in the afternoon. The path is quite barren with rocks and sands and the path is mostly flat. This trial will offer picturesque view of peaks like Dhaulagiri, Nilgiri, Tukuche Peak and Dhampus . After hours of ups and down our path will reach Kagbeni. Kagbeni delivers you with a stunning view of cannels, mountains, and green land. We will spend our night in a hotel.
Day 5: Drive to Ghami (3520m)
From Kagbeni our trek will start to Ghami . We will have a 3-4 drive. Ghami is located at a height of 3560m. In ghami we will see while buildings and houses. Most of the part of this site is barren.
Day 6: Drive to Lomanthang (3840m) – First day of Tiji festival
On 6th day, we will be driving to Lomanthang to celebrate the most auspicious festival of this site which is Tiji festival. Chanting of hyns, Masked dance and man more.
Day 7: Festive Vibes
Second Day of Tiji festival and still there is lot to come.
A true new culture is within this festival. Start meeting new peoples, rituals and ancient religion.
Prayers of Vajrakila, Monastery, Evil Demon- Dorje Shunu and Straw effigy, seems like there is whole different things that we have never seen.
Day 8: Third Tiji Day
The true essence of this trip is this Tiji Festival. So you may not want to miss it.
Morning begins with Prayers to Vajrakila by monks in the monastery. Next, Tsowo offering a ritualistic nectar, again dance of monks wearing masks depicting animals and ending it with a raucous procession.
Final celebration in Mustnag King’s Palace sharing greetings between King and Khempo.
You are lucky to attend this Tiji Festival and the rituals might have purified your mind and body.
Day 9: Drive to Muktinath (3710m)
On this day, we will be driving to holy and pilgrimage site – Muktinath . Muktinath is a famous and sacred place where people from different part of the country come to visit the temple of Muktinath. We will visit that temple and also the near Buddhist monastery.
Day 10: Drive back to Pokhara
After we finish our tour to this famous places, we will be driving back to Pokhara. We will spend our night in a beautiful hotel or perhaps enjoy the night walk around lake side.
Day 11: Drive back to Kathmandu
We will have an early morning drive to Kathmandu. We will spend our night in our hotel, have delicious dinner and farewell program.
Day 12: Farewell and departure to the airport
After having your morning breakfast, you will be driven to the airport 3 hour before the actual flight.
Cost Includes and Excludes
- Airport picks up & drop by private vehicle to hotel.
- Transportation from Kathmandu to Pokhara and Pokhara to Kathmandu.
- Flight from Pokhara to Jomsom and Jomsom to Pokhara.
- Sightseeing at Kathmandu Valley.
- Sharing jeep over trip for Upper Mustang.
- Necessary paperwork and Trekking Permits fee (ACAP permit & Upper Mustang Restricted Permit).
- Accommodation during trek and Meal (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner and a cup of coffee or tea).
- Licensed English or Chinese or Korean or Hindi along with Nepali speaking Friendly trekking guide.
- Coverage of Guides including their Meals, Insurance, Salary, Lodging, transportation and other necessary equipment.
- First Aid Medical Kit (Carried by the guide).
- Sleeping bag, down jackets and trekking map, if necessary.
- Emergency Evacuation Assistance Service (The cost of the helicopter, hospital and necessary transport are not payable by the company).
- Welcome or farewell dinner in Kathmandu at a cultural restaurant (complimentary).
- A nation-wide operated Mobile SIM Card and a map of the trekking region.
- Private vehicle from Kathmandu to Pokhara and Pokhara to Kathmandu.
- International airfare.
- Nepal Entry Visa fee: you can obtain a visa easily upon your arrival at Tribhuwan International Airport.
- Personal Travel insurance which has to cover emergency high-altitude rescue and evacuation compulsory.
- Personal expense (shopping, snacks, boil bottle water, hot and cold drinks, hot shower, Alcohol, Wi-Fi, telephone call, battery re-chargefee).
- Accommodation, Lunches and dinners in Kathmandu, except the farewell dinner.
- Emergency expenses such as expenses on charted helicopter.
- Additional costs or delays caused by out of management control, for example, landslide, weather condition, itinerary modification due to safety concerns, illness, change of government policies etc.
- Gratitude and tips for your guide, porter and driver.
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Mustang Tiji Festival 2020